Abdominal Muscles - Where they are ; what they do.

Abdominal Muscles - Diagrams of those  important riding muscles.

Activating the Hind Legs - Getting the horse’s back up and swinging.

Alignment - Finding the classical position off & on horse.

Arena Figures - Useful schooling patterns. Straight lines and Corners.

Arena Geometry - How to gain vital extra marks through accuracy.

Awareness - Getting right back to the beginning and developing the hows of riding





Balance - What do we mean by balance when talking about riding.

Balance Finding Exercises - Exactly that.

Beginning to Teach - Helping others with their riding.

Books to Read - A list of recommended reading. 

Bracing the Back - What does it actually mean and entail?

Breathing- The importance of abdominal or diaphragmatic breathing in riding

Canter, The - Diagrams and description of the horse’s footfalls in canter.

Chambon, The - A look at the practical use of this—to some controversial—training aid

Collapsing in the Hip - Being unlevel in the hands is a major symptom.

Conscious & Unconscious Competence - When riding becomes instinctive.

Contact - The horse reaching out to the bit.

Counting the Tempi Changes - Keeping track of how many you’ve ridden.

Discipline - More about reward than punishment.

Dressage to Music - All you need to know to get started.

Flexion and Bend - The difference between the two and flexed straight€¯.

Flying Changes - How to introduce and execute them.

Freedom & Regularity of the Canter - Official descriptions of the three gaits.

Freedom & Regularity of the Trot - Understanding them will help you.

Freedom & Regularity of the Walk - Are these directives being followed in the competition arenas?

Gaits -The Walk - Animations show the correct sequence of leg movements within each gait

Gaits -The Trot - Also illustrated with stills.

Gaits -The Canter - To help you learn the feel of what’s going on underneath you.

Gallery - Photos to inspire you.


Half Halt - What it is; how to ride it.

How to Straighten the Horse - Improving the horse’s lateral and longitudinal balance.




Inside Leg to Outside Rein - What does it really mean and entail?

Improving the Canter Depart - How to prevent rushy & unbalanced transitions

J -K -L

Judge’s Comments - What do they really mean?

 Lauffer / Vienna Reins - The use of sliding reins

Lessons  - Lesson prices and contact details and a bit about my teaching style.

Lungeing - The Basics - An introduction or re-introduction for horse and handler to the starting point of lungeing.

More on the Training Scales - An answer to a question I posed about the training scales.

Muscle Use in Riding- Those muscles that enable you to sit as though you were a part of the horse.

Muscles - Diagrams of those important riding muscles.

Nothing to Attain - Just Ride - How NOT having specific goals can be more productive.


On the Bit - It’s not about setting the horse’s head in a pretty place!

Party Time! - All you need to know about going to a dressage competition.

Pelvis Diagrams - Muscles and bones of the seat.

Progressive Skill Development - This takes account of where you are in the process of acquiring a new skill.


Quadriceps; The -The muscles of the leg.

Q & A- Main page of this section. All Q & As are listed separately in this full site index


Reading List -  A List of personal favourite on riding and training with links to Amazon UK & USA.

Rider Stretches - The Dos and Don’ts of stretching and usesful diagrams of stretches beneficial to riders.


Seat, The - An in depth look at Alois Podhajsky’s description of the correct classical seat.

Side Reins - Their use and application

Sitting the Trot- The biomechanics of the sitting trot.

Sitting Trot Woes - Check your rising trot is OK  before you attempt to sit.

Straightness - A Crooked Rider Cannot Straighten A Crooked Horse. 

Straighten the Horse, How to- Improving the horse’s lateral and longitudinal balance.

Teaching & Learning- In the beginner's mind there are many possibilities, but in the expert's mind there are few.

Teachers and Students -These thoughts were written with Taoism in mind, but it’s all applicable to riding.

Training Scales - Description of the six German training scales for horses.

Training Scales for Riders - Everything in classical dressage is derived from biomechanics and psychology which gives a logical cause and effect relationship to it all.

Trot, The - Diagrams and description of the horse’s footfalls in trot.




Walk, The - Diagrams and description of the horse’s footfalls in walk.

What is Classical Riding? - It’s how we should ride every time we get on a horse.

What to Wear - riding a dressage test—for the rider . . . For the Horse

Why Ride Classically? -  discussion between two riders about the way GP horses look today versus 50 years ago.




Zen Dressage - Main page to the more spiritual side of the site. What is Zen, anyway?





An Alphabetical List of all the Pages in the Classical Dressage Notebook

Full Index


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